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Election and supervision of the government

The Law on Institutional Reform contains, i.a., the following provisions on relations between the Community Government and Parliament:

  • The Parliament elects the government (minimum of three and maximum of five members, each sex must be represented in the government by at least one member).
  • The members of the government take their oath before the President of Parliament.
  • If the government member has been elected to parliament, he must suspend his parliamentary mandate for the duration of his term of office as a government member.
  • The government and its members are politically accountable to Parliament, i.e. they must justify their policies to Parliament. For this purpose, Parliament may require the presence of members of the Government. On the other hand, Parliament must give the floor to members of the government if they request it.
  • The Parliament can accept a motion of censure against the government or individual ministers at any time if the motion proposes successors (constructive motion of censure).
  • The government may at any time put a motion of confidence in Parliament. If the majority of parliamentarians vote against the motion of confidence, the government resigns by the law itself.
  • The government sanctions the decrees and issues the regulations necessary to implement them; however, it may never suspend the decrees themselves or grant an exemption from their implementation.

The duties of the government

In matters within the Community's competence, the government

  • advises on all draft decrees and ordinances;
  • proposes the intended use for the budgetary resources;
  • formulates and coordinates Community policies;
  • implements the Parliament's decisions.

Parliament - government

  • The parliamentary-democratic system that separates the powers is a system of checks and balances. Neither the government nor the legislative power can define the Community’s broad political lines without the participation of the other.
  • Theoretically, government policy can only be shaped on the basis of parliamentary decisions (decrees). From a political point of view, the government can only conduct politics if it is supported by a majority in Parliament.
  • Conversely, the government is responsible for implementing parliamentary decisions.
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